Page 76 - IACC Newsletter August-September 2013 Issue 13

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non-proliferation of WMDs, to reduce the salience of nuclear weapons in international affairs, and to promote universal,
verifiable, and non-discriminatory global nuclear disarmament.
Noting India’s “Act East” policy and the United States’ rebalance to Asia, the leaders committed to work more closely
with other Asia Pacific countries through consultations, dialogues, and joint exercises. They underlined the importance
of their trilateral dialogue with Japan and decided to explore holding this dialogue among their Foreign Ministers.
The President and Prime Minister emphasized the need to accelerate infrastructure connectivity and economic
development corridors for regional economic integration linking South, Southeast, and Central Asia. The President
reiterated that the United States, through its New Silk Road and India-Pacific Economic Corridor, is promoting the
linkage of India to its neighbors and the wider region to enable a freer flow of commerce and energy.
The President and Prime Minister noted the success of their countries’ collaboration on agricultural innovation in three
African countries. They announced a new agreement to expand joint development initiatives in third countries in a
range of sectors, including agricultural productivity, clean energy, health, women’s empowerment, and disaster
preparedness. They also look forward to continuing the productive cooperation in Afghanistan on promoting women’s
economic empowerment.
The Prime Minister and the President reaffirmed their shared interest in preserving regional peace and stability, which
are critical to the Asia Pacific region's continued prosperity. The leaders expressed concern about rising tensions over
maritime territorial disputes, and affirmed the importance of safeguarding maritime security and ensuring freedom of
navigation and over flight throughout the region, especially in the South China Sea. The Prime Minister and President
called on all parties to avoid the use, or threat of use, of force in advancing their claims. The two leaders urged the
concerned parties to pursue resolution of their territorial and maritime disputes through all peaceful means, in
accordance with universally recognized principles of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the
Law of the Sea.
India and the United States pledged to consult closely on global crises, especially unfolding events in Syria and Iraq. The
two leaders committed to exchange information about nationals returning from these conflict zones, and to seek
cooperation in protecting and responding to the needs of civilians stranded in the middle of these conflicts.
Recognizing the importance of their respective strategic partnerships with Afghanistan, the leaders asserted the
importance of a sustainable, inclusive, sovereign, and democratic political order in Afghanistan, and committed to
continue close consultations and cooperation in support of Afghanistan’s future.
They stressed the need for diplomacy to resolve the serious concerns of the international community regarding Iran’s
nuclear program, and called on Iran to comply with its UN Security Council-imposed obligations and to cooperate fully
with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The two leaders expressed concerns over the continued development by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
(DPRK) of its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs, including its uranium enrichment activities. They urged
DPRK to take concrete actions toward denuclearization and other goals, as well as to comply fully with all its
international obligations, including all relevant UN Security Council resolutions, and to fulfill its commitments under the
2005 Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks.
The President expressed appreciation for the contributions of Indian peacekeepers to global peace and stability for the
past 60 years, and welcomed the partnership with India to train third country peacekeepers at India’s training center in
New Delhi. The President reaffirmed his support for a reformed UN Security Council with India as a permanent member,
and both leaders committed to ensuring that the Security Council continues to play an effective role in maintaining
international peace and security as envisioned in the United Nations Charter.
The President also affirmed his commitment to enhancing India's voice and vote in international financial institutions,
and ensuring that resources are made available and are used creatively through multilateral development banks for
infrastructure financing.