Page 74 - IACC Newsletter August-September 2013 Issue 13

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Defense and Homeland Security Cooperation
The Prime Minister and the President stated their intention to expand defense cooperation to bolster national, regional,
and global security. The two leaders reaffirmed that India and the United States would build an enduring partnership in
which both sides treat each other at the same level as their closest partners, including defense technology transfers,
trade, research, co-production, and co-development.
To facilitate deeper defense cooperation, they welcomed the decision to renew for ten more years the 2005 Framework
for the U.S.-India Defense Relationship and directed their defense teams to develop plans for more ambitious programs
and activities. The two leaders also agreed to reinvigorate the Political-Military Dialogue and expand its role to serve as
a wider dialogue on export licensing, defense cooperation and strategic cooperation.
The leaders welcomed the first meeting under the framework of the Defense Trade and Technology Initiative in
September 2014 and endorsed its decision to establish a Task Force to expeditiously evaluate and decide on unique
projects and technologies which would have a transformative impact on bilateral defense relations and enhance India's
defense industry and military capabilities.
The President and Prime Minister welcomed cooperation in the area of military education and training, and endorsed
plans for the United States to cooperate with India's planned National Defence University. They also decided to expand
military-to-military partnerships including expert exchanges, dialogues, and joint training and exercises. They also
committed to enhancing exchanges of civilian and military intelligence and consultation.
The leaders agreed to intensify cooperation in maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and unimpeded
movement of lawful shipping and commercial activity, in accordance with accepted principles of international law. To
achieve this objective, the two sides considered enhancing technology partnerships for India's Navy including assessing
possible areas of technology cooperation. They also agreed to upgrade their existing bilateral exercise MALABAR.
The leaders reaffirmed their deep concern over the continued threat posed by terrorism, most recently highlighted by
the dangers presented by the ISIL, and underlined the need for continued comprehensive global efforts to combat and
defeat terrorism. The leaders stressed the need for joint and concerted efforts, including the dismantling of safe havens
for terrorist and criminal networks, to disrupt all financial and tactical support for networks such as Al Qaeda, Lashkar-e
Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, the D-Company, and the Haqqanis. They reiterated their call for Pakistan to bring the
perpetrators of the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai to justice.
They pledged to enhance criminal law enforcement, security, and military information exchanges, and strengthen
cooperation on extradition and mutual legal assistance. Through operational cooperation through their law
enforcement agencies, they aimed to prevent the spread of counterfeit currency and inhibit the use of cyberspace by
terrorists, criminals, and those who use the internet for unlawful purposes, and to facilitate investigation of criminal and
terrorist activities. The leaders also committed to identify modalities to exchange terrorist watch lists. President
Obama pledged to help India counter the threat of improvised explosive devices with information and technology. The
leaders committed to pursue provision of U.S.-made mine-resistant ambush-protected vehicles to India.
The President and Prime Minister looked forward to easing travel between their two countries, as India introduces visa-
on-arrival for U.S. citizens in 2015 and works toward meeting the requirements to make the United States’ Global Entry
Program available to Indian citizens.
High Technology, Space and Health Cooperation
Fundamental science and high technology cooperation has been a critical pillar of the strategic partnership, the two
leaders confirmed, and they looked forward to renewing the Science and Technology Agreement in order to expand
joint activities in innovative technology. The Prime Minister welcomed the United States as a partner country, for the
first time, at India’s annual Technology Summit in November 2014. In addition, they committed to convene the ninth
High Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG). They plan to launch new partnerships to source and scale innovation for
the benefit of citizens in both countries and to harness innovation to solve global development challenges.