Page 45 - IACC Newsletter June 2013 Issue 11

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The external affairs ministry taking a lead on climate change discussions with a key player in international negotiations
could well be indicative of New Delhi's effort integrate its position on climate change with its larger foreign policy goals.
Typically, the environment ministry has taken lead in international dealings on climate change.
The US, a key player in the international negotiations, has not signed on to global agreements like the Kyoto Protocol to
limit carbon emissions to counter climate change. It was instrumental in the fashioning of the agreement at Durban to
work on a new global climate change regime, which would include all countries.
The US maintains that all countries should be equally dealt with in the post-2020 climate change regime. New Delhi for
its part has insisted that post 2020 regime must adhere to the principle of common but differentiated responsibility,
which creates a firewall between developed and developing countries. The US has maintained that each country's
responsibility to cut emissions must be based on its "capabilities".
A better understanding of each countries position, and working out a possible middle path would help in fashioning a
climate change regime that addresses the needs of developing countries.
Over the past few years, India has had to craft a position that seeks to balance its growing partnerships with the G-8 and
its historical ties with the developing countries, particularly the least developed countries.
The external affairs taking the lead on the climate change dialogue with the US could well be part of a larger effort to
maintain this balance.
U.S.-India Joint Fact Sheet: Cooperation in Space
The United States and India pursue civil space cooperation under the framework of the Joint Working Group on Civil
Space, which was constituted as the follow-up to the U.S.-India Conference on Space Science, Application, and
Commerce held in Bangalore in June 2004. Since then, space cooperation has expanded to the areas of space science,
earth observation, satellite navigation, natural hazards research, disaster management support, and education.
U.S.-India Civil Space Joint Working Group
The fourth meeting of the U.S.-India Joint Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation was held in Washington, DC on
March 21, 2013. The Joint Working Group engaged in a broad range of discussions and endorsed expanded cooperation
in a number of areas.
Space Science
Building on the highly successful Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) agreed to explore further cooperation in such fields as
planetary science and heliophysics, as well as potential future missions to the moon and Mars.
Earth Observation
ISRO, NASA, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have active cooperation in the area of
oceanography through the sharing and analysis of data from ISRO’s OCEANSAT-2 satellite. ISRO and NASA are also
working to derive the best possible global precipitation data for research and applications using the joint ISRO-French
Space Agency Megha-Tropiques satellite and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) constellation of satellites.
NASA, in cooperation with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, intends to launch the GPM Core Observatory
Satellite in 2014 and plans to make data from this satellite available to ISRO for studying tropical atmosphere. ISRO and
NASA are also cooperating under the multilateral framework of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites and the
intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations.
Satellite Navigation